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73 results

Crop Yield Responses to Sulfur Fertilization in Brazilian No-Till Soils: a Systematic Review

Osmar Henrique de Castro Pias ORCID logo , Tales Tiecher, Maurício Roberto Cherubin, Michael Mazurana, Cimélio Bayer

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Sulfur (S) fertilization recommendations for grain crops in Brazil were formerly established from studies on crops with a low yield potential grown on soils under conventional tillage (CT). However, the subsequent adoption of no-tillage (NT) altered S dynamics in the soil, making it necessary to carefully evaluate the applicability of these S fertilizer recommendations. In addition, the emergence of modern high-yield-potential genotypes, the successive application of concentrated low-sulfur fertilizers, and reduction in S atmospheric deposition have raised the likelihood […]

Potassium Fertilization of Eucalyptus in an Entisol in Low-Elevation Cerrado

Rodolfo de Niro Gazola, Salatiér Buzetti, Marcelo Carvalho Minhoto Teixeira Filho ORCID logo , Raíssa Pereira Dinalli Gazola, Thiago de Souza Celestrino, Alexandre Costa da Silva, [...]

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Potassium (K) is one of the most highly accumulating nutrients in Eucalyptus and, consequently, is heavily exported by the harvesting of wood. Moreover, its availability in the soil in most Brazilian plantation areas is very low, especially in the regions of the Cerrado biome, which has soils with low natural fertility and marked water deficits, implying a lack of nutrient supply and, consequently, a less efficient water use. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of K fertilization on […]

Phosphorus Fractions in Soil with Organic and Mineral Fertilization in Integrated Crop-Livestock System

Amanda Zolet Rigo, Juliano Corulli Corrêa ORCID logo , Álvaro Luiz Mafra, Paulo Hentz, Marco André Grohskopf, Luciano Colpo Gatiboni, [...]

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Use of organic fertilizers in integrated crop-livestock (iCL) systems may affect soil phosphorus fractions. This study aimed to determine phosphorus fractions in the soil under the iCL system after six years of application of organic or mineral fertilizers. The experiment was conducted on a Rhodic Kandiudox (Nitossolo Vermelho Distroférrico) in a randomized block design, using a 5 × 3 + 1 factorial scheme, with four replicates. The treatments consisted of three organic fertilizers (poultry litter, pig slurry, and compost) […]

Rhizobial Inoculation and Molybdenum Fertilization in Peanut Crops Grown in a No Tillage System After 20 Years of Pasture

Carlos Alexandre Costa Crusciol, Jayme Ferrari Neto, Tsai Siu Mui, Alan Joseph Franzluebbers, Cláudio Hideo Martins da Costa, Gustavo Spadotti Amaral Castro, [...]

07/Jan/2019

ABSTRACT: Peanut (Arachis hypogea) is an important legume grain consumed by humans and utilized for effective nutrient cycling in a diverse cropping system. Areas that have been cultivated with perennial pasture for decades may have nutritional deficiencies and lack a sufficient population of atmospheric nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Molybdenum is an essential micronutrient that is part of the enzyme nitrogenase contained within symbiotic Bradyrhizobium bacteria, which are responsible for fixing nitrogen in legumes. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of application […]

Modeling in the Adjustment of Fertilization Recommendation through Leaf Analysis in Fertigated ‘Prata’ Banana

José Aridiano Lima de Deus, Júlio César Lima Neves, Ismail Soares, Víctor Hugo Alvarez V., Fabricio Martinazzo Regis de Albuquerque, Lauana Lopes dos Santos, [...]

26/Nov/2018

ABSTRACT: In banana cultivation, fertilization recommendations are almost exclusively based on soil chemical analysis, without considering leaf analysis and expected yield, which can help in the adjustment of fertilization programs. The aim of this study was to develop a method to recommend macronutrient fertilization rates which integrates data on leaf analysis, soil chemical analysis, and yield. Yield, soil chemical analysis, and leaf analysis data of fertigated plantations of ‘Prata’ banana were obtained for the first and second halves of the […]

Potassium Dynamics in Ruzigrass Rhizosphere

Marcelo Raphael Volf, Tiara Moraes Guimarães, Daniele Scudeletti, Igor Vilela Cruz, Ciro Antonio Rosolem

02/Nov/2018

ABSTRACT: Ruzigrass (Urochola ruziziensis) has a large capacity to take up K from the soil, including non-exchangeable forms, and can play an important role in nutrient cycling in integrated production systems. However, K transport to roots of brachiarias is not well known, nor the nutrient dynamics in the rhizosphere, where a concentration gradient may be established towards the non-rhizospheric soil, creating a favorable environment for the release of non-exchangeable K. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ruzigrass on […]

Root and Shoot Contribution to Carbon and Nitrogen Inputs in the Topsoil Layer in No-Tillage Crop Systems under Subtropical Conditions

Marciel Redin, Sylvie Recous, Celso Aita, Bruno Chaves, Ismael Cristiano Pfeifer, Leonardo Mendes Bastos, [...]

31/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Recycling of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) from plants into soils is decisive for maintaining soil organic matter and soil fertility. Therefore, we quantified plant biomass and C and N in the shoots and roots from the topsoil layer for a wide range of annual crops grown under subtropical conditions. We grew 26 species, 13 main crops, and 13 cover crops, in the field in standard sowing arrangements. Root biomass was recovered from the 0.00-0.20 m soil layer at […]

Rhizophagus Clarus and Phosphorus in Crotalaria juncea: Growth, Glomalin Content and Acid Phosphatase Activity in a Copper-Contaminated Soil

Paulo Ademar Avelar Ferreira, Carlos Alberto Ceretta, Tales Tiecher, Daniela Basso Facco, Luana Paula Garlet, Cláudio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa Soares, [...]

23/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Crotalaria juncea is used as plant cover in grape vineyards in Brazil, which usually present soils with high copper (Cu) levels due to the application of Cu-based phyto-sanitary products. Under this condition an increase growth and cover of C. juncea is needed to improve the phytoremediation processes in those soils. Some alternatives to achieve this condition is the inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), which has demonstrated an important increase of plant growth in Cu-contaminated soils at different soil […]

Cattle Manure Bioconversion Effect on the Availability of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium in Soil

Daniel Pazzini Eckhardt, Marciel Redin, Natielo Almeida Santana, Lessandro De Conti, Jorge Dominguez, Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques, [...]

23/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT The efficiency index (EI) refers to the ratio of nutrients mineralized/made available in the soil to the total amount of nutrients added by organic fertilizer. Therefore, understanding the EI is essential for recommendation of organic fertilization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the availability through mineralization and the efficiency index of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in organic fertilizers produced from cattle manure. The following treatments were evaluated in an incubation experiment under controlled conditions: […]

Surface Application of Lime on a Guava Orchard in Production

Márcio Cleber de Medeiros Corrêa, William Natale, Renato de Mello Prado, David Ariovaldo Banzatto, Ronialison Fernandes Queiroz, Marcos Antonio Camacho da Silva

18/Jun/2018

ABSTRACT Several complications can arise, either directly or indirectly, from implementation of measures to correct soil acidity in established fruit orchards, such as impaired roots, lower root volume, risk of plant infection, propagation of diseases, promotion of pest development (especially nematodes), and soil disaggregation and compaction. These factors can have a negative effect on crop yield. Therefore, it becomes critical to implement an effective method of neutralizing soil acidity, especially at the level of the tree roots. To assess the […]

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