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80 results

Ammonia Volatilization from Soil-Applied Organic Fertilizers

Adriano Alvim Rocha, Ednaldo da Silva Araújo ORCID logo , Silvio da Silva Santos, Jhonatan Marins Goulart, José Antonio Azevedo Espindola, José Guilherme Marinho Guerra, [...]

22/May/2019

ABSTRACT: A reliable quantification of nitrogen (N) losses by ammonia (NH3) volatilization can contribute to identifying optimized strategies of fertilizer management. The objective of this study was to quantify ammonia volatilization from several organic N sources incorporated into or applied onto the soil surface. Two cultivation areas, under snap bean and corn, were evaluated at Embrapa Agrobiology, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Both experiments used a randomized complete block design in split-plots, with four replications. The main plots consisted of […]

Phosphate Sources and Filter Cake Amendment Affecting Sugarcane Yield and Soil Phosphorus Fractions

Amin Soltangheisi ORCID logo , Valdevan Rosendo dos Santos ORCID logo , Henrique Coutinho Junqueira Franco ORCID logo , Oriel Kolln ORCID logo , André Cesar Vitti ORCID logo , Carlos Tadeu dos Santos Dias ORCID logo , [...]

22/May/2019

ABSTRACT: The use of mineral phosphate fertilizers associated with organic residues can improve fertilizer use efficiency and consequently decrease their usage costs. Soil application of filter cake (FC) can provide nutrients and enhance physical quality. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different phosphate fertilizers [rock phosphate (RP) and triple superphosphate (TSP)] applied at different rates (90 and 180 kg ha-1 P2O5) associated with filter cake (10 Mg ha-1 dry matter) on the soil phosphorus (P) fractions after two […]

Reference Values of Grain Nutrient Content and Removal for Corn

Aildson Pereira Duarte ORCID logo , Mônica Ferreira de Abreu, Eros Artur Bohac Francisco, Douglas de Castilho Gitti, Gabriel Barth, Claudinei Kappes

13/May/2019

ABSTRACT: Unchanged reference values of grain nutrient contents for corn have been used for over 20 years, despite yield increases, the development of new hybrids, and modifications to cropping systems, especially the establishment of in-season second crops and the wide adoption of no-tillage. This study measured macro- and micronutrient contents in corn grains from different regions, in the first (summer) and second (fall) crop, to update the reference values of estimated nutrient removal. A secondary objective was to determine whether […]

Nitrate Reductase Activity and Nitrogen and Biomass Accumulation in Sugarcane under Molybdenum and Nitrogen Fertilization

Renato Lemos dos Santos, Fernando José Freire, Emídio Cantídio Almeida de Oliveira, Maria Betânia Galvão dos Santos Freire ORCID logo , Jason Brossard West, José de Arruda Barbosa, [...]

13/May/2019

ABSTRACT Prior research on sugarcane showed increment of productivity following molybdenum (Mo) fertilization and some indication of the potential role either on nitrate reductase activity (NRA). However, this increment can depend on sugarcane variety and nitrogen (N) fertilization. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Mo fertilization on Mo uptake, on NRA, nitrate (NO3–-N), and ammonium (NH4+-N) contents in leaves and roots of sugarcane, and the accumulation of N and biomass across two sugarcane varieties (RB 867515 and RB […]

Visual Abstract

Does Ferralsol Clay Mineralogy Maintain Potassium Long-Term Supply to Plants?

Diovane Freire Moterle ORCID logo , Edson Campanhola Bortoluzzi, João Kaminski, Danilo dos Santos Rheinheimer, Laurent Caner

10/Apr/2019

ABSTRACT Ferralsols ( Latossolos ) should contain few or no 2:1 clay minerals and have low potassium (K) contents, and consequently low levels of non-exchangeable K forms are expected. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the clay mineralogy of a Ferralsol affects the soil K dynamics in response to K fertilization during cropping and whether the clay mineralogy was altered due to successive crops and K fertilization. A tropical Brazilian Ferralsol under field conditions was sampled (0.00-0.20 […]

Visual Abstract

Timing and Splitting of Nitrogen Side-Dress Fertilization of Early Corn Hybrids for High Grain Yield

Fernando Panison ORCID logo , Luís Sangoi, Murilo Miguel Durli, Lucieli Santini Leolato, Antonio Eduardo Coelho, Hugo Francois Kuneski, [...]

08/Mar/2019

ABSTRACT Currently, most nitrogen fertilizer is side-dressed when corn is in the four (V4) to eight (V8) expanded leaf stage. However, recent studies have shown that modern hybrids take up high amounts of nitrogen during grain filling. This indicates that a late nitrogen fertilization, at the time of crop flowering, may be important to optimize corn agronomic performance. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the timing and splitting of nitrogen side-dress application on the agronomic performance of early […]

Potassium Fertilization of Eucalyptus in an Entisol in Low-Elevation Cerrado

Rodolfo de Niro Gazola, Salatiér Buzetti, Marcelo Carvalho Minhoto Teixeira Filho ORCID logo , Raíssa Pereira Dinalli Gazola, Thiago de Souza Celestrino, Alexandre Costa da Silva, [...]

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Potassium (K) is one of the most highly accumulating nutrients in Eucalyptus and, consequently, is heavily exported by the harvesting of wood. Moreover, its availability in the soil in most Brazilian plantation areas is very low, especially in the regions of the Cerrado biome, which has soils with low natural fertility and marked water deficits, implying a lack of nutrient supply and, consequently, a less efficient water use. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of K fertilization on […]

Phosphorus Fractions in Soil with Organic and Mineral Fertilization in Integrated Crop-Livestock System

Amanda Zolet Rigo, Juliano Corulli Corrêa ORCID logo , Álvaro Luiz Mafra, Paulo Hentz, Marco André Grohskopf, Luciano Colpo Gatiboni, [...]

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Use of organic fertilizers in integrated crop-livestock (iCL) systems may affect soil phosphorus fractions. This study aimed to determine phosphorus fractions in the soil under the iCL system after six years of application of organic or mineral fertilizers. The experiment was conducted on a Rhodic Kandiudox (Nitossolo Vermelho Distroférrico) in a randomized block design, using a 5 × 3 + 1 factorial scheme, with four replicates. The treatments consisted of three organic fertilizers (poultry litter, pig slurry, and compost) […]

Crop Yield Responses to Sulfur Fertilization in Brazilian No-Till Soils: a Systematic Review

Osmar Henrique de Castro Pias ORCID logo , Tales Tiecher, Maurício Roberto Cherubin, Michael Mazurana, Cimélio Bayer

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Sulfur (S) fertilization recommendations for grain crops in Brazil were formerly established from studies on crops with a low yield potential grown on soils under conventional tillage (CT). However, the subsequent adoption of no-tillage (NT) altered S dynamics in the soil, making it necessary to carefully evaluate the applicability of these S fertilizer recommendations. In addition, the emergence of modern high-yield-potential genotypes, the successive application of concentrated low-sulfur fertilizers, and reduction in S atmospheric deposition have raised the likelihood […]

Rhizobial Inoculation and Molybdenum Fertilization in Peanut Crops Grown in a No Tillage System After 20 Years of Pasture

Carlos Alexandre Costa Crusciol, Jayme Ferrari Neto, Tsai Siu Mui, Alan Joseph Franzluebbers, Cláudio Hideo Martins da Costa, Gustavo Spadotti Amaral Castro, [...]

07/Jan/2019

ABSTRACT: Peanut (Arachis hypogea) is an important legume grain consumed by humans and utilized for effective nutrient cycling in a diverse cropping system. Areas that have been cultivated with perennial pasture for decades may have nutritional deficiencies and lack a sufficient population of atmospheric nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Molybdenum is an essential micronutrient that is part of the enzyme nitrogenase contained within symbiotic Bradyrhizobium bacteria, which are responsible for fixing nitrogen in legumes. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of application […]

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