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72 results

Spatial and Temporal Potential Groundwater Recharge: the Case of the Doce River Basin, Brazil

Eliana de Souza ORCID logo , Lucas Machado Pontes, Elpídio Inácio Fernandes Filho, Carlos Ernesto Goncalves Reynaud Schaefer, Eliana Elizabet dos Santos


ABSTRACT: Little is known about the groundwater recharge potential of weathered tropical catchments, where increasing water uptake is widespread to meet various water demands. This study aimed to estimate the volume of groundwater recharge of the Doce River Basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The BALSEQ model was applied to calculate the water balance over a period of two years (2007-2009). Evapotranspiration, runoff, and potential groundwater recharge (PGR) were calculated, using daily data on rainfall, potential evapotranspiration, and plant-available water. A soil […]

Impacts of Pig Slurry Applied to Two Different Soils on Nutrient Transport by Runoff

Danieli Schneiders Kaufmann, Ildegardis Bertol ORCID logo , Maria Aparecida do Nascimento dos Santos, Barbara Bagio, José Mecabô Júnior, Heinz Borg


ABSTRACT: Runoff in agricultural areas with intensive application of pig slurry can transport significant amounts of nutrients. This study evaluates the effects of different pig slurry (PS) application rates (0, 50, 100, and 200 m3 ha-1) on nutrient loss through runoff during soybean cultivation under no-tillage. It was conducted at two sites in southern Brazil, one on an Alfisol (27° 43′ south and 50° 3′ west) and one on an Inceptisol (27° 47′ south and 50° 18′ west). The PS […]

Tipping Bucket Prototype for Automatic Quantification of Surface Runoff Rate in Plots

André Somavilla, Paulo Ivonir Gubiani ORCID logo , Anderson Luiz Zwirtz


ABSTRACT: Quantification of runoff rate is an onerous task with non-automated devices; it requires a lot of manual labor to perform measurements. In this study, an automatic device to quantify the surface runoff rate from plots with a small area was developed and tested. The prototype was based on the tipping bucket technique and built with reused materials. Its performance was tested in the laboratory and a calibration curve was developed to improve measurement accuracy. The device can be used […]

Functionalized Charcoal as a Buffering Matrix of Copper and Zinc Availability

Gelton Geraldo Fernandes Guimarães, Amanda Soares Giroto, Breno Cardoso Teixeira, Leonardus Vergütz, Reinaldo Bertola Cantarutti


ABSTRACT: High copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) contents in soil can cause phytotoxicity to plants and contaminate surface and groundwater, with negative effects on agriculture and the environment. Functionalized charcoal (OCh) has high cation exchange capacity (CEC) and the ability to adsorb Cu and Zn and control their availability in the soil and water. An adsorption study at two pH levels was carried out to evaluate increasing Cu and Zn sorption capacity provided by the functionalization process of a charcoal. […]

Long-Term Effect of Soil Use and Management on Organic Carbon and Aggregate Stability

Neuro Hilton Wolschick, Fabrício Tondello Barbosa, Ildegardis Bertol, Bárbara Bagio, Danieli Schneiders Kaufmann


ABSTRACT: The conversion of native grassland into farmland causes changes in the soil. Tillage has profound effects on soil organic matter. The intensification of soil tillage decreases soil quality by reducing aggregate stability. Soil aggregate stability and soil organic matter are key indicators for soil quality and environmental sustainability in agro-ecosystems. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the total organic carbon content and the physical and chemical fractions of the organic matter in a soil under different […]

Daycent Simulation of Methane Emissions, Grain Yield, and Soil Organic Carbon in a Subtropical Paddy Rice System

Douglas Adams Weiler, Carlos Gustavo Tornquist, Tiago Zschornack, Stephen Michael Ogle, Filipe Selau Carlos, Cimélio Bayer


ABSTRACT The DayCent ecosystem model, widely tested in upland agroecosystems, was recently updated to simulate waterlogged soils. We evaluated the new version in a paddy rice experiment in Southern Brazil. DayCent was used to simulate rice yield, soil organic carbon (SOC), and soil CH4 fluxes. Model calibration was conducted with a multiple-year dataset from the conventional tillage treatment, followed by a validation phase with data from the no-tillage treatment. Model performance was assessed with statistics commonly used in modeling studies: […]

Geochemistry and Spatial Variability of Rare Earth Elements in Soils under Different Geological and Climate Patterns of the Brazilian Northeast

Cinthia Maria Cordeiro Atanázio Cruz Silva, Ronny Sobreira Barbosa, Clístenes Williams Araújo do Nascimento, Yuri Jacques Agra Bezerra da Silva, Ygor Jacques Agra Bezerra da Silva


ABSTRACT Growth in the agricultural and industrial sectors has increased the demand for rare earth elements (REEs) in the production of technological devices and fertilizers. Thus, the accumulation of these elements in the soil has become an environmental concern. Here, we aim to determine the natural contents of REEs in soils derived from different parent materials and under climatic conditions ranging from humid to semi-arid. We then evaluate the influence of major elements and soil properties on the geochemistry of […]

Water Erosion in Oxisols under Coffee Cultivation

Henrique Mendes Júnior, André Silva Tavares, Walbert Reis dos Santos Júnior, Marx Leandro Naves Silva, Breno Régis Santos, Ronaldo Luiz Mincato


ABSTRACT Water erosion is one of the main environmental impacts of land use. When soil and water losses occur, nutrients essential for the growth and maintenance of plants are removed, with harmful outcomes on the sustainability of agriculture and the environment. In addition, they lead to other deleterious effects, such as sedimentation and eutrophication of water bodies. Estimation of soil losses due to water erosion in sub-basins is essential for prediction of soil degradation, especially in areas of semi-intensive cultivation, […]

Soil Erodibility under Natural Rainfall Conditions as the K Factor of the Universal Soil Loss Equation and Application of the Nomograph for a Subtropical Ultisol

Elemar Antonino Cassol, Tiago Stumpf da Silva, Flávio Luiz Foletto Eltz, Renato Levien


ABSTRACT: Erodibility represents the intrinsic susceptibility of the soil to the erosion process, represented by the K factor in the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE). In Brazil, there are few field experiments determined with a series larger than ten years of data, which are the most reliable for quantifying the K factor. The aim of this study was to determine the K factor of the USLE by the direct method, relating soil losses determined in the field under standard conditions […]

Nitrous Oxide Emissions in a Wheat/Corn Succession Combining Dairy Slurry and Urea as Nitrogen Sources

Celso Aita, Felipe Tonetto, Rogerio Gonzatto, Stefen Barbosa Pujol, Janquieli Schirmann, Juliano dos Santos Depoi, [...]


ABSTRACT: The impact on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions caused by combining dairy slurry (DS) and urea to supply crops with nitrogen (N) is still not well characterized. The main objective of this study was to compare the differences between N2O emissions in the cases of exclusive use of urea and the combined use of DS and urea as N sources to no-tillage wheat and corn. We also compared N2O emissions between two DS application methods (surface-broadcast vs. injection), as well […]

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