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158 results

Estimation of the Retention and Availability of Water in Soils of the State of Santa Catarina

Diego Bortolini, Jackson Adriano Albuquerque

02/Nov/2018

ABSTRACT: Soil water retention and availability are important properties for agricultural production, which can be measured directly or estimated by pedotransfer functions. Some studies on this topic were carried out in Santa Catarina, Brazil. To improve the estimates, it is necessary to evaluate other properties, to analyze more soil types, as well as to use other analysis techniques such as artificial neural networks and regression trees. Thus, the objective of the study was to estimate the field capacity (FC), permanent […]

Determining the In Situ Apparent Thermal Diffusivity of a Sandy Soil

Oscar Fernando Silva Aguilar, Jorge Alberto Andaverde Arredondo, Beatris Adriana Escobedo Trujillo, Artemio Jesús Benitez Fundora

02/Nov/2018

ABSTRACT: The thermal wave amplitude method is used to determine soil thermal diffusivity in situ for a sandy soil in Mexico (Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz). Soil diurnal temperature fluctuations were measured from depths of 0.05 to 0.65 m, in 0.01 m increments, during the months of April and August. Five mean diffusivity values were obtained experimentally, corresponding to the different depths combination. The soil thermal diffusivity ranged between 2.26 × 10−7 and 8.71 × 10−7 m2 s−1. The diffusivity values obtained are […]

Soil Water Retention Curve as Affected by Sample Height

Maria Laiane do Nascimento Silva, Paulo Leonel Libardi, Fernando Henrique Setti Gimenes

02/Nov/2018

ABSTRACT: The soil water retention curve is one of the main instruments to assess the soil physical quality and to improve soil management. Traditionally, the equipment most used in the laboratory to determine the retention curve has been Haines funnels and Richards chambers. An important factor to which little attention has been given in the use of these equipaments is the height of the undisturbed soil sample. This work proposes to evaluate the influence of different heights of undisturbed samples […]

Chemical Species and Aluminum Concentration in the Solution of Acid Soils Cultivated with Soybean and Corn under Liming

Gabriel Octávio de Mello Cunha, Jaime Antonio de Almeida, Paulo Roberto Ernani, Éderson Rodrigues Pereira, Éverton Skoronski, Lucas Silva Lourenço, [...]

10/Oct/2018

ABSTRACT Chemical speciation of the soil solution is an important tool to identify Al species related to phytotoxicity. In some Brazilian acid soils, the Al extractable by the KCl 1.0 mol L -1 solution (Al-KCl) exceeds 10 cmol c kg -1 and even then, in some situations, it does not cause toxicity to the plants. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between these high concentrations of Al-KCl found in some Brazilian acid soils and the activity of the different […]

Carbon Stocks and Pools in Relation to the Texture of Kaolinitic Soils from the Brazilian East Coast

João Bosco Vasconcellos Gomes, Carlos Alberto Silva, Tamara Letícia de Azevedo Ferreira, Mozart Martins Ferreira, Alberto Vasconcellos Inda, Nilton Curi

12/Sep/2018

ABSTRACT: Extremely kaolinitic soils of Tertiary age elevations on the Brazilian east coast present a wide range of texture, which is recognized as one of the main factors controlling the soil organic matter contents. This study aimed to investigate the organic C storage of different compartments of kaolinitic soils. The studied soils had a wide particle size gradient, were under native forest vegetation, and located on Brazil’s eastern coast (Coruripe – CF, Umbaúba – UF, Nova Viçosa – VF, Sooretama […]

Isolation, Characterization and Symbiotic Efficiency of Nitrogen-Fixing and Heavy Metal-Tolerant Bacteria from a Coalmine Wasteland

Paulo Ademar Avelar Ferreira, Sabrina de Fatima Barbosa Dahmer, Tais Backes, Andressa de Oliveira Silveira, Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques, Mohsin Zafar, [...]

05/Sep/2018

ABSTRACT: Areas affected by coal mining can be recovered by revegetation with leguminous plants associated with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. This study addressed the isolation and characterization of native nitrogen-fixing bacteria from coalmine wasteland under different vegetation restoration approaches using Macroptilium atropurpureum (DC) Urb and Vicia sativa L. as trap plants. The bacteria were characterized and identified on the basis of 16S rRNA sequences. Additionally, nitrogen-fixing strains were characterized for tolerance to high heavy metal and low pH levels, as well as […]

Morphological Diversity of Springtails in Land Use Systems

Marcielli Aparecida Borges dos Santos, Luís Carlos Iuñes de Oliveira Filho, Pâmela Niederauer Pompeo, Danielle Cristina Ortiz, Álvaro Luiz Mafra, Osmar Klauberg Filho, [...]

05/Sep/2018

ABSTRACT: Springtails (Collembola) are soil organisms with wide morphological diversity and are sensitive to alterations in the soil, regardless of whether they are human-caused or not. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of land use on the morphological diversity of springtails and verify their relationships with soil physical, chemical, and microbiological properties. Samples were collected in the eastern region of Santa Catarina, in three municipalities: Joinville, Blumenau, and Timbó. They included the following land use systems […]

Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) in Agricultural Land Use Systems in Subtropical Environments

Marcio Gonçalves da Rosa, Júlio Cesar Pires Santos, Antônio Domingos Brescovit, Álvaro Luiz Mafra, Dilmar Baretta

06/Aug/2018

ABSTRACT Changes in land use management in agricultural areas can affect the biodiversity of spider families. This study aimed to evaluate spider diversity in different land use systems with capture by two sampling methods, and to identify soil properties that can modulate the occurrence of spiders. Five land use systems, representative of traditional agricultural areas, were evaluated in the west of Santa Catarina, Brazil, to establish a scale of land use intensity: native forest, eucalyptus reforestation areas, pastures, crop-livestock integration […]

Occurrence of Yeast Species in Soils under Native and Modified Vegetation in an Iron Mining Area

Geisianny Augusta Monteiro Moreira, Helson Mario Martins do Vale

23/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Soils of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero are rich in mineral resources, especially gold and iron. Soil management and mining activities greatly impact soil biology. However, studies addressed to the diversity of microorganisms and their ecological role in the recovery of these areas are scarce. This study aimed to assess the yeast occurrence in soils with natural vegetation (Atlantic Forest, neotropical savanna, and iron outcrop) and areas with anthropogenic modifications (Eucalyptus stand and rehabilitated area) in the Quadrilátero Ferrífero region. We […]

Soil Biological, Chemical, and Physical Properties After a Wildfire Event in a Eucalyptus Forest in the Pampa Biome

Natielo Almeida Santana, Cedinara Arruda Santana Morales, Diego Armando Amaro da Silva, Zaida Inês Antoniolli, Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques

17/Jul/2018

ABSTRACT Wildfire events cause considerable environmental disturbance but few studies have examined changes in soil properties due to fire. This study aimed to assess the effect of a wildfire event on chemical, physical, and biological properties of the soil in a eucalyptus forest in the Pampa biome. Part of a seven-year-old eucalyptus forest was affected by a wildfire event that lasted for two days. Soil and plant litter sampling was performed in three areas: in the forest that was not […]

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