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171 results

Performance of the Groenevelt and Grant Model for Fitting Soil Water Retention Data from Brazilian Soils

Robson André Armindo ORCID logo , Quirijn de Jong van Lier ORCID logo , Maria Eliza Turek ORCID logo , Aline Mari Huf dos Reis ORCID logo , Marina Luciana Abreu de Melo ORCID logo , Maria Elisa Palma Ramos ORCID logo , [...]


ABSTRACT The soil water retention curve (SWRC) is essential for vadose zone hydrological modeling and related applications. In 2004, Groenevelt and Grant (GRT) presented a mathematical model for describing the SWRC and reported its mathematical versatility and good fit to soils from a Dutch database. In order to evaluate the application of GRT to SWRCs of Brazilian soils, we aimed to analyze the performance of GRT for 72 soils from Brazil. Besides that, the obtained results with GRT for these […]

Comparison of the Casagrande and Fall Cone Methods for Liquid Limit Determinations in Different Clay Soils

Letícia Garcia Crevelin ORCID logo , Kátia Vanessa Bicalho ORCID logo


ABSTRACT The liquid limit (LL) is an important parameter for soil classification systems. The use of the cone penetrometer technique for measuring the liquid limit is an attractive alternative method since the percussion method is highly operator dependent. In this article, the importance of specifying the procedure and equipment used to determine the LL of a clay soil is highlighted using LL test results conducted on different clay soils. The results of LL, obtained by the percussion method proposed by […]

Stability of Soil Moisture Patterns Retrieved at Different Temporal Resolutions in a Tropical Watershed

Luís Romero Barbosa ORCID logo , Nicholas Borges de Lira ORCID logo , Victor Hugo Rabelo Coelho ORCID logo , Alain Marie Bernard Passerat de Silans ORCID logo , André Nóbrega Gadêlha ORCID logo , Cristiano das Neves Almeida ORCID logo


ABSTRACT Above and underground hydrological processes depend on soil moisture (SM) variability, driven by different environmental factors that seldom are well-monitored, leading to a misunderstanding of soil water temporal patterns. This study investigated the stability of the SM temporal dynamics to different monitoring temporal resolutions around the border between two soil types in a tropical watershed. Four locations were instrumented in a small-scale watershed (5.84 km2) within the tropical coast of Northeast Brazil, encompassing different soil types ( Espodossolo Humilúvico […]

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Biochemical and Biological Properties of Soil from Murundus Wetlands Converted into Agricultural Systems

Luciene Nunes Barcelos Martins, Flávia Louzeiro de Aguiar Santiago, Marcela Susana Montecchia, Olga Susana Correa, Orivaldo José Saggin Junior, Edicarlos Damacena de Souza, [...]


ABSTRACT The implementation of conservationist systems that improve soil properties and reduce the impacts of the conversion of native areas is fundamental for feasible agricultural exploitation. This study aimed to evaluate the impact on soil biological properties caused by the conversion of murundus fields into agricultural systems and verify the ability of the no-tillage conservation system to recover these properties over the years. Treatments consisted of three agricultural areas subjected to the same management (no-tillage), in a chronosequence (7, 11, […]

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Humic Substances and Chemical Properties of an Acrisol Amended with Vermicomposted Vegetal and Animal Residues

Rul Martins Antunes, Otávio dos Anjos Leal, Rosa Maria Vargas Castilhos ORCID logo , Danilo Dufech Castilhos, Robson Andreazza, Raí Augusto Schwalbert


ABSTRACT Vermicomposted vegetal and animal residues are rich in nutrients and humic substances and thus can be applied to the soil as a source of functionalized organic matter (OM) and as an alternative to chemical fertilizers. In Southern Brazil, many animal and vegetal residues are easily accessible. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate alterations in soil chemical properties and OM chemical composition in response to the application of local vermicomposted residues. The vermicomposts of: cattle manure (CM), sheep manure (SM), […]

Influence of ZnO Nanoparticles and a Non-Nano ZnO on Survival and Reproduction of Earthworm and Springtail in Tropical Natural Soil

Micheli Lucia Alves, Luís Carlos Iuñes de Oliveira Filho ORCID logo , Patrícia Nogueira, André Junior Ogliari, Márcio Antônio Fiori ORCID logo , Dilmar Baretta ORCID logo , [...]


ABSTRACT: In recent years, various studies and development using nanoparticles (NPs) have been carried out in the most diverse areas of knowledge. Although nanomaterials are widely employed by many sectors and some may have a fertilizing potential, little is known about their effects on the environment. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of applying, in tropical natural soil, different contents of nanoparticles of zinc oxide (NPs-ZnO) and non-nano zinc oxide (ZnO) on soil pH and on the survival and […]

Do Aggregate Size Classes of the Subsurface Soil Horizon Have Different Chemical/Mineralogical Properties?

Rolff Vladimir Mitton, Vander Freitas Melo ORCID logo , Volnei Pauletti


ABSTRACT Variations in chemical and mineralogical properties of a soil can occur at short vertical and horizontal distances. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the chemical and mineralogical soil properties of different aggregate classes from young (Ustrochrept) and highly weathered (Acrustox) soils from the state of Paraná, Brazil. Undisturbed blocks (0.20 ×0.20 ×0.20 m) of soils were separated into aggregate classes: Acrustox – 8.0-4.0 mm; 4-2 mm; 2.0-0.5 mm; 0.5-0.2 mm; and <0.2 mm; and Ustrochrept – […]

Effects of Simulated Nitrogen Deposition and Precipitation Manipulation on Soil Microorganisms in the Desert Steppe of Northern China

Jia Meiqing, Huang Jing, Yang Yinghua, Han Guodong, Zhang Guogang ORCID logo


ABSTRACT: Soil microorganisms are influenced by climate change. However, the effect of climate change on soil cultivable bacteria are unclear. In this study, the composition and diversity of the soil cultivable bacterial community were explored by a dilution–plate method, PCR, and 16S rRNA sequencing in a desert steppe of northern China after repeated NH4NO3 amendments and precipitation manipulation for seven years. The experimental treatments were as follows: control (CK), N addition (+N), N addition plus water addition (+N+W), and N […]

Estimation of the Retention and Availability of Water in Soils of the State of Santa Catarina

Diego Bortolini, Jackson Adriano Albuquerque


ABSTRACT: Soil water retention and availability are important properties for agricultural production, which can be measured directly or estimated by pedotransfer functions. Some studies on this topic were carried out in Santa Catarina, Brazil. To improve the estimates, it is necessary to evaluate other properties, to analyze more soil types, as well as to use other analysis techniques such as artificial neural networks and regression trees. Thus, the objective of the study was to estimate the field capacity (FC), permanent […]

Determining the In Situ Apparent Thermal Diffusivity of a Sandy Soil

Oscar Fernando Silva Aguilar, Jorge Alberto Andaverde Arredondo, Beatris Adriana Escobedo Trujillo, Artemio Jesús Benitez Fundora


ABSTRACT: The thermal wave amplitude method is used to determine soil thermal diffusivity in situ for a sandy soil in Mexico (Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz). Soil diurnal temperature fluctuations were measured from depths of 0.05 to 0.65 m, in 0.01 m increments, during the months of April and August. Five mean diffusivity values were obtained experimentally, corresponding to the different depths combination. The soil thermal diffusivity ranged between 2.26 × 10−7 and 8.71 × 10−7 m2 s−1. The diffusivity values obtained are […]

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