The journal began to be published in 1977 in a non-continuous format. After 1996, three numbers started to be published annually. During 1997 to 2002 and 2003 to 2015, the journal periodicity was four and six numbers published per year, respectively. During all these years, the journal was published in the printed form.
In 2016 the RBCS was submitted to a significant restructuring, when the journal adopted the electronic format; moved to a continuous publication model; the manuscripts exclusively published in English, although it was optional since 2007; the editorial and the manuscripts review process board was restructured; and, although RBCS had adopted electronic submission since 2007, which was performed through its own software, in 2015 the journal adopted ScholarOne, an internationally known online submission and paper management system.