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Genesis and Classification of Nitisols from Volcano-Sedimentary Lithology in Northeastern Brazil

Edivan Uchôa Cavalcanti da Costa, Jane Kelly Silva Araujo, Laércio Vieira de Melo Wanderley Neves, José Coelho de Araújo Filho, Juliet Emília Santos de Sousa, Marcelo Metri Corrêa, [...]

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT On the southern coast of Pernambuco State (PE), Brazil, lithotypes of the Cabo Basin (volcanic and sedimentary rocks), in association with the relief, allow the determination of the dynamics of the formation of Nitossolos Háplicos (Nitisols), including those with high levels of exchangeable aluminum. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of lithological diversity (basalt and sedimentary siliciclastic rocks) on the morphological, physical, chemical, and mineralogical properties of Nitossolos Háplicos along a slope (P1-summit, P2-backslope, P3-footslope) […]

Sugarcane Root Development and Yield under Different Soil Tillage Practices

Emmerson Rodrigues de Moraes, José Geraldo Mageste, Regina Maria Quintão Lana, José Luiz Rodrigues Torres, Luis Augusto da Silva Domingues, Ernane Miranda Lemes, [...]

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT New strategies for sugarcane production have been very important since the incorporation of ethanol in the Brazilian energy mix in the early 1970s. Prior to planting sugarcane, the soil is prepared, and this process can affect root development and, consequently, sugarcane production. This study was conducted in an area of sugarcane crop renewal in the Cerrado biome (Brazilian tropical savanna), with the objective of identifying which tillage system generates the better root development and improved yield in sugarcane. The […]

Potassium Fertilization of Eucalyptus in an Entisol in Low-Elevation Cerrado

Rodolfo de Niro Gazola, Salatiér Buzetti, Marcelo Carvalho Minhoto Teixeira Filho ORCID logo , Raíssa Pereira Dinalli Gazola, Thiago de Souza Celestrino, Alexandre Costa da Silva, [...]

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Potassium (K) is one of the most highly accumulating nutrients in Eucalyptus and, consequently, is heavily exported by the harvesting of wood. Moreover, its availability in the soil in most Brazilian plantation areas is very low, especially in the regions of the Cerrado biome, which has soils with low natural fertility and marked water deficits, implying a lack of nutrient supply and, consequently, a less efficient water use. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of K fertilization on […]

Crop Yield Responses to Sulfur Fertilization in Brazilian No-Till Soils: a Systematic Review

Osmar Henrique de Castro Pias ORCID logo , Tales Tiecher, Maurício Roberto Cherubin, Michael Mazurana, Cimélio Bayer

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Sulfur (S) fertilization recommendations for grain crops in Brazil were formerly established from studies on crops with a low yield potential grown on soils under conventional tillage (CT). However, the subsequent adoption of no-tillage (NT) altered S dynamics in the soil, making it necessary to carefully evaluate the applicability of these S fertilizer recommendations. In addition, the emergence of modern high-yield-potential genotypes, the successive application of concentrated low-sulfur fertilizers, and reduction in S atmospheric deposition have raised the likelihood […]

Do Aggregate Size Classes of the Subsurface Soil Horizon Have Different Chemical/Mineralogical Properties?

Rolff Vladimir Mitton, Vander Freitas Melo ORCID logo , Volnei Pauletti

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Variations in chemical and mineralogical properties of a soil can occur at short vertical and horizontal distances. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the chemical and mineralogical soil properties of different aggregate classes from young (Ustrochrept) and highly weathered (Acrustox) soils from the state of Paraná, Brazil. Undisturbed blocks (0.20 ×0.20 ×0.20 m) of soils were separated into aggregate classes: Acrustox – 8.0-4.0 mm; 4-2 mm; 2.0-0.5 mm; 0.5-0.2 mm; and <0.2 mm; and Ustrochrept – […]

Tipping Bucket Prototype for Automatic Quantification of Surface Runoff Rate in Plots

André Somavilla, Paulo Ivonir Gubiani ORCID logo , Anderson Luiz Zwirtz

07/Jan/2019

ABSTRACT: Quantification of runoff rate is an onerous task with non-automated devices; it requires a lot of manual labor to perform measurements. In this study, an automatic device to quantify the surface runoff rate from plots with a small area was developed and tested. The prototype was based on the tipping bucket technique and built with reused materials. Its performance was tested in the laboratory and a calibration curve was developed to improve measurement accuracy. The device can be used […]

Acid Ammonium Citrate as P Extractor for Fertilizers of Varying Solubility

Wedisson Oliveira Santos ORCID logo , Edson Marcio Mattiello, Matheus Sampaio Carneiro Barreto, Reinaldo Bertola Cantarutti

07/Jan/2019

ABSTRACT: There are several globally accepted methods to chemically characterize P-fertilizers, but not all are suitable to predict the agronomic efficiency of the P sources in terms of plant nutrition. Our aim was to investigate the performance of P extractors for fertilizers, investigating the consistency of different methods for P sources of varying properties and the related plant responses. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, using corn as a model plant. Phosphorus values extractable in water, 2 % […]

Effects of Simulated Nitrogen Deposition and Precipitation Manipulation on Soil Microorganisms in the Desert Steppe of Northern China

Jia Meiqing, Huang Jing, Yang Yinghua, Han Guodong, Zhang Guogang ORCID logo

07/Jan/2019

ABSTRACT: Soil microorganisms are influenced by climate change. However, the effect of climate change on soil cultivable bacteria are unclear. In this study, the composition and diversity of the soil cultivable bacterial community were explored by a dilution–plate method, PCR, and 16S rRNA sequencing in a desert steppe of northern China after repeated NH4NO3 amendments and precipitation manipulation for seven years. The experimental treatments were as follows: control (CK), N addition (+N), N addition plus water addition (+N+W), and N […]

Impacts of Pig Slurry Applied to Two Different Soils on Nutrient Transport by Runoff

Danieli Schneiders Kaufmann, Ildegardis Bertol ORCID logo , Maria Aparecida do Nascimento dos Santos, Barbara Bagio, José Mecabô Júnior, Heinz Borg

07/Jan/2019

ABSTRACT: Runoff in agricultural areas with intensive application of pig slurry can transport significant amounts of nutrients. This study evaluates the effects of different pig slurry (PS) application rates (0, 50, 100, and 200 m3 ha-1) on nutrient loss through runoff during soybean cultivation under no-tillage. It was conducted at two sites in southern Brazil, one on an Alfisol (27° 43′ south and 50° 3′ west) and one on an Inceptisol (27° 47′ south and 50° 18′ west). The PS […]

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