• en
2966 results

Humic Substances and Chemical Properties of an Acrisol Amended with Vermicomposted Vegetal and Animal Residues

Rul Martins Antunes, Otávio dos Anjos Leal, Rosa Maria Vargas Castilhos ORCID logo , Danilo Dufech Castilhos, Robson Andreazza, Raí Augusto Schwalbert


ABSTRACT Vermicomposted vegetal and animal residues are rich in nutrients and humic substances and thus can be applied to the soil as a source of functionalized organic matter (OM) and as an alternative to chemical fertilizers. In Southern Brazil, many animal and vegetal residues are easily accessible. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate alterations in soil chemical properties and OM chemical composition in response to the application of local vermicomposted residues. The vermicomposts of: cattle manure (CM), sheep manure (SM), […]

Reference Values of Grain Nutrient Content and Removal for Corn

Aildson Pereira Duarte ORCID logo , Mônica Ferreira de Abreu, Eros Artur Bohac Francisco, Douglas de Castilho Gitti, Gabriel Barth, Claudinei Kappes


ABSTRACT: Unchanged reference values of grain nutrient contents for corn have been used for over 20 years, despite yield increases, the development of new hybrids, and modifications to cropping systems, especially the establishment of in-season second crops and the wide adoption of no-tillage. This study measured macro- and micronutrient contents in corn grains from different regions, in the first (summer) and second (fall) crop, to update the reference values of estimated nutrient removal. A secondary objective was to determine whether […]

Influence of ZnO Nanoparticles and a Non-Nano ZnO on Survival and Reproduction of Earthworm and Springtail in Tropical Natural Soil

Micheli Lucia Alves, Luís Carlos Iuñes de Oliveira Filho ORCID logo , Patrícia Nogueira, André Junior Ogliari, Márcio Antônio Fiori ORCID logo , Dilmar Baretta ORCID logo , [...]


ABSTRACT: In recent years, various studies and development using nanoparticles (NPs) have been carried out in the most diverse areas of knowledge. Although nanomaterials are widely employed by many sectors and some may have a fertilizing potential, little is known about their effects on the environment. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of applying, in tropical natural soil, different contents of nanoparticles of zinc oxide (NPs-ZnO) and non-nano zinc oxide (ZnO) on soil pH and on the survival and […]

Nitrate Reductase Activity and Nitrogen and Biomass Accumulation in Sugarcane under Molybdenum and Nitrogen Fertilization

Renato Lemos dos Santos, Fernando José Freire, Emídio Cantídio Almeida de Oliveira, Maria Betânia Galvão dos Santos Freire ORCID logo , Jason Brossard West, José de Arruda Barbosa, [...]


ABSTRACT Prior research on sugarcane showed increment of productivity following molybdenum (Mo) fertilization and some indication of the potential role either on nitrate reductase activity (NRA). However, this increment can depend on sugarcane variety and nitrogen (N) fertilization. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Mo fertilization on Mo uptake, on NRA, nitrate (NO3–-N), and ammonium (NH4+-N) contents in leaves and roots of sugarcane, and the accumulation of N and biomass across two sugarcane varieties (RB 867515 and RB […]

Decomposition and Nutrient Release of Cover Crops in Mango Cultivation in Brazilian Semi-Arid Region

Maria do Socorro Conceição de Freitas ORCID logo , Jacob Silva Souto, Mariana Gonçalves, Larissa Emanuelle da Silva Almeida, Alessandra Monteiro Salviano, Vanderlise Giongo


ABSTRACT Knowledge of the decomposition dynamics of aboveground phytomass and its release of nutrients in mixtures of cover crops as well as the impact on the soil tillage system is fundamental for the sustainable management of agroecosystems. This work aimed to evaluate whether soil tillage and the choice of cover crops cultivated in the interrows can be technological strategies to increase dry biomass production, increase the capacity to add carbon, and improve macronutrient cycling in a mango ( Mangifera indica […]

Assessment of Trace Element Contents in Soils and Water from Cerrado Wetlands, Triângulo Mineiro Region

Bruno Teixeira Ribeiro ORCID logo , Diogo Costa Nascimento, Nilton Curi, Luiz Roberto Guimarães Guilherme, Enio Tarso de Souza Costa, Guilherme Lopes, [...]


ABSTRACT In the Brazilian Cerrado biome, there are wetlands locally known as “Veredas”, which are swampy plains between hills and rivers. Since the 1970’s, the Cerrado biome has been gradually converted to livestock, crop, or forestry production. Until now, very few studies were conducted to evaluate the baseline contents of trace elements in Cerrado wetland soils. Due to their position in the landscape (bottom lands), the wetlands are potentially susceptible to contamination by runoff and/or leaching from surrounding areas at […]

Visual Abstract

Optimal Simulation of the Land-Use Structure Based on the Local Ecological Environment: the Case of Huanghua City in Hebei Province, China

Ying Chen, Jianghui Cui, Ling He, Mingxin Men ORCID logo


ABSTRACT The overuse of land has resulted in a sharp decline in ecological functions, affecting the environment as it relates to the existence and sustainable development of the whole biosphere. This work aims to evaluate the ecological and economic efficiencies of the land-use structure. A simulation model, CLUE-S (Conversion of Land-Use and its Effects at Small Region Extent), and an integrated model based on the MOP (Multi-Objective Program) and CLUE-S were applied to assess the suitability of unutilized lands in […]

Nitrous Oxide Emissions in No-Tillage Onion ( Allium cepa L.) Crops Are Increased by Oilseed Radish Cover Crop and Poultry Manure Application

Vilmar Müller Júnior ORCID logo , Leoncio de Paula Koucher, Monique Souza, Andria Paula Lima, Claudinei Kurtz, Rafael da Rosa Couto, [...]


ABSTRACT The use of cover crops and poultry manure (PM) is an alternative to reduce the use of synthetic inputs and can contribute to the nutrient cycling in onions ( Allium cepa L.) grown under a no-tillage system. However, this management practice may contribute to an increase in N2O emissions to the atmosphere. The aims of this study were to evaluate the immediate effect on N2O emissions of adding PM onto cover crop residues and to verify the effect of […]

Does Ferralsol Clay Mineralogy Maintain Potassium Long-Term Supply to Plants?

Diovane Freire Moterle ORCID logo , Edson Campanhola Bortoluzzi, João Kaminski, Danilo dos Santos Rheinheimer, Laurent Caner


ABSTRACT Ferralsols ( Latossolos ) should contain few or no 2:1 clay minerals and have low potassium (K) contents, and consequently low levels of non-exchangeable K forms are expected. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the clay mineralogy of a Ferralsol affects the soil K dynamics in response to K fertilization during cropping and whether the clay mineralogy was altered due to successive crops and K fertilization. A tropical Brazilian Ferralsol under field conditions was sampled (0.00-0.20 […]

Visual Abstract

Timing and Splitting of Nitrogen Side-Dress Fertilization of Early Corn Hybrids for High Grain Yield

Fernando Panison ORCID logo , Luís Sangoi, Murilo Miguel Durli, Lucieli Santini Leolato, Antonio Eduardo Coelho, Hugo Francois Kuneski, [...]


ABSTRACT Currently, most nitrogen fertilizer is side-dressed when corn is in the four (V4) to eight (V8) expanded leaf stage. However, recent studies have shown that modern hybrids take up high amounts of nitrogen during grain filling. This indicates that a late nitrogen fertilization, at the time of crop flowering, may be important to optimize corn agronomic performance. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the timing and splitting of nitrogen side-dress application on the agronomic performance of early […]

1 2 3 297