• en
23 results

Paleoenvironmental Characterization of a High-Mountain Environment in the Atlantic Forest in Southeastern Brazil

Eduardo Carvalho da Silva Neto, Jaqueline Jesus Santana dos Santos, Marcos Gervasio Pereira, Deyvid Diego Carvalho Maranhão, Fabiana da Costa Barros, Lúcia Helena Cunha dos Anjos


ABSTRACT: Records of changes in the phytosociological structure of vegetation can be observed more clearly in soils that have more significant accumulation of organic matter, like those occurring in high-mountain environments. The aim of this study was to characterize soils formed in high-mountain environments in the Itatiaia National Park (INP), state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil, and to discuss the potential of preserved phytoliths as markers of vegetative history and environmental factors. Four profiles were selected, which were morphologically […]

Visual Abstract

Mineralogy and Concentration of Potentially Toxic Elements in Soils of the São Francisco Sedimentary Basin

Edilene Pereira Ferreira, Ricardo Marques Coelho, Gustavo Souza Valladares, Laura Milani da Silva Dias, Ana Carolina Cunha de Assis, Rafael Cipriano da Silva, [...]


ABSTRACT Lithological and geomorphological variations determine formation of soils with different mineralogical constitutions and can influence the distribution of potentially toxic elements (PTE). The aim of this study was to determine the contents of PTE and mineralogical assemblages along soil profiles of different classes and parent materials and to investigate the association among these factors in the São Francisco sedimentary basin in the northern part of the state of Minas Gerais (Brazil). Eight soil pedons of different classes that developed […]

Genesis of Soils from Bauxite in Southeastern Brazil: Resilication as a Soil-Forming Process

Ana Carolina Campos Mateus, Fábio Soares de Oliveira, Angélica Fortes Drummond Chicarino Varajão, Caroline Cibele Vieira Soares


ABSTRACT Pedological studies using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), optical microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDS) showed a Xanthic Ferralsol formed from the degradation of bauxite on a slope in the Caparaó region, in southeastern Brazil. We found a decrease in the number and size of bauxite fragments toward the top of the profiles, bauxite fragments that were more degraded at the top of the profiles, transformation of gibbsite into kaolinite, and absolute enrichment in silicon in the mass […]

Weathering of Rhyolites and Soil Formation in an Atlantic Forest Fragment in Northeastern Brazil

Stephany Alves Brilhante, Jean Cheyson Barros dos Santos, Valdomiro Severino de Souza, Jane Kelly Silva Araújo, Mateus Rosas Ribeiro, Marcelo Metri Corrêa


ABSTRACT Weathering and pedogenesis have been studied for a wide range of rocks and climates around the world. However, the eruption of rhyolitic magmas is a rare geological event, which leads to few studies associated with the rhyolite-soil-landscape relationship. In this context, this study evaluated the influence of rhyolite weathering on the properties of soils along a slope in an Atlantic Forest environment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Four weathering profiles derived from rhyolites were classified and sampled […]

Pedodiagenetic Characterization of Cretaceous Paleosols in Southwest Minas Gerais, Brazil

Diego Luciano do Nascimento, Francisco Sergio Bernardes Ladeira, Alessandro Batezelli


ABSTRACT The influence of post-burial geological processes on preserving pedogenic properties has great importance in identifying ancient paleosols both in the field and in a laboratory. However there are not many publications that focus on characterizing paleosol diagenesis. As temperature and pressure progressively increase, evidence of pedogenesis is modified and destroyed, hindering paleoenvironment characterization and interpretation. This paper discusses diagenetic evidence and its relation to strictly pedogenic features, like structure, cements, nodules, and neoformation of clay minerals using the carbonate […]

Genesis of Soils Formed from Mafic Igneous Rock in the Atlantic Forest Environment

Adailde do Carmo Santos, Marcos Gervasio Pereira, Lúcia Helena Cunha dos Anjos, Thiago Andrade Bernini, Miguel Cooper


ABSTRACT Different parent materials participate in the formation of soils in the hilly landscape of “Mar de Morros” in the Atlantic Forest environment. Those derived from mafic igneous rock (gabbro) frequently show erosion problems because of land use, which is aggravated by the mountainous relief and soil attributes. This study evaluated the main pedogenic processes of soils formed from mafic igneous rock (gabbro) in a toposequence in Pinheiral (RJ) by characterizing physical, chemical, mineralogical and micromorphological attributes. The profiles are […]

Genesis, Characterization, and Classification of Mangrove Soils in the Subaé River Basin, Bahia, Brazil

Marcela Rebouças Bomfim, Jorge Antonio Gonzaga Santos, Oldair Vinhas Costa, Xosé Luis Otero, Geraldo da Silva Vilas Boas, Valdinei da Silva Capelão, [...]


ABSTRACT Preservation of mangroves, a very significant ecosystem from a social, economic, and environmental viewpoint, requires knowledge on soil composition, genesis, morphology, and classification. These aspects are of paramount importance to understand the dynamics of sustainability and preservation of this natural resource. In this study mangrove soils in the Subaé river basin were described and classified and inorganic waste concentrations evaluated. Seven pedons of mangrove soil were chosen, five under fluvial influence and two under marine influence and analyzed for […]

Topographic properties to differentiate Argisols

César da Silva Chagas, Ademir Fontana, Waldir de Carvalho Junior, Sandro Marcelo de Caires


The topographic conditions controls many hydrological, geomorphological and pedological processes, affectting the solar radiation, pluvial precipitation, superficial water flow, evaporation, soil moisture and vegetation types, among others. Topographic properties derived from a digital elevation model were used to explain the differentiation between soils with an argillic horizon in the region of ”Mar de Morros” in the northwestern State of Rio de Janeiro. Eight soil profiles (four Red Argisols and four Red-Yellow Argisols) developed from noritic granulites, in the municipalities of […]

Characterization of archaeological dark earth from the southern amazon region

Luís Antônio Coutrim dos Santos, Milton César Costa Campos, Renato Eleotério de Aquino, Anderson Cristian Bergamin, Douglas Marcelo Pinheiro da Silva, Jose Marques Junior, [...]


The Archaeological Dark Earth (ADE) soils are characterized by its high fertility, dark color, and presence of pottery fragments. Regarding the formation of ADE, the most widely accepted hypothesis is that anthropogenic processes involving pre-Columbian populations made them. The purpose of this study is to characterize ADE units located in the Southern Amazon Region, in the cities of Apuí and Manicoré. Seven ADE sites were selected, trenches opened and the soil profiles characterized morphologically. Then, samples of each horizon were […]

Characterization and classification of soils in a toposequence on limestone in the Serra da Bodoquena, Mato Grosso Do Sul, Brazil

Marcos Gervasio Pereira, Jolimar Antonio Schiavo, Ademir Fontana, Antonino Hypólito Dias Neto, Luiz Paulo Montenegro de Miranda


The soils in the Serra da Bodoquena, a mountain chain in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, have peculiar features that differ from other regions of the Cerrado-Pantanal biome. This study aims to characterize soils formed on limestone, based on the physical, chemical and mineralogical properties and organic matter. A toposequence on limestone was selected and profile pits were opened on the summit (P1), backslope (P2), footslope (P3) and toeslope (P4 and P5). The profiles were morphologically described […]

1 2 3