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18 results

Decomposition and Nutrient Release of Cover Crops in Mango Cultivation in Brazilian Semi-Arid Region

Maria do Socorro Conceição de Freitas ORCID logo , Jacob Silva Souto, Mariana Gonçalves, Larissa Emanuelle da Silva Almeida, Alessandra Monteiro Salviano, Vanderlise Giongo

24/Apr/2019

ABSTRACT Knowledge of the decomposition dynamics of aboveground phytomass and its release of nutrients in mixtures of cover crops as well as the impact on the soil tillage system is fundamental for the sustainable management of agroecosystems. This work aimed to evaluate whether soil tillage and the choice of cover crops cultivated in the interrows can be technological strategies to increase dry biomass production, increase the capacity to add carbon, and improve macronutrient cycling in a mango ( Mangifera indica […]

Potassium Fertilization of Eucalyptus in an Entisol in Low-Elevation Cerrado

Rodolfo de Niro Gazola, Salatiér Buzetti, Marcelo Carvalho Minhoto Teixeira Filho ORCID logo , Raíssa Pereira Dinalli Gazola, Thiago de Souza Celestrino, Alexandre Costa da Silva, [...]

06/Feb/2019

ABSTRACT Potassium (K) is one of the most highly accumulating nutrients in Eucalyptus and, consequently, is heavily exported by the harvesting of wood. Moreover, its availability in the soil in most Brazilian plantation areas is very low, especially in the regions of the Cerrado biome, which has soils with low natural fertility and marked water deficits, implying a lack of nutrient supply and, consequently, a less efficient water use. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of K fertilization on […]

Termite Mounds Effects on Soil Properties in the Atlantic Forest Biome

Sandra Santana de Lima, Marcos Gervasio Pereira, Renato Nunes Pereira, Rafael Moura de Pontes, Celeste Queiroz Rossi

02/Mar/2018

ABSTRACT Termites have peculiar activities in the soil, inducing significant changes in the soil properties. The objective of this study was to assess physical and chemical properties and soil organic matter to evaluate the effect of termite activity and termite mounds on the soil. Two toposequences were selected and divided in slope thirds (shoulder, backslope, and footslope). In each of these, four termite mounds were selected. Samples were taken from the soils and termite mounds (top, center, and base) along […]

Phosphorus fertilization on the early growth and nutrition of physic nut seedlings

Mariângela Brito Freiberger, Iraê Amaral Guerrini, Gustavo Castoldi, Laerte Gustavo Pivetta

01/Feb/2014

Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) is a perennial oilseed species that has aroused economic interest for biodiesel production. Among other factors, it is essential to determine the nutritional demands of this species to facilitate raising it as a crop. This study aimed to evaluate the early growth and mineral nutrition of physic nut, as well as soil fertility, as affected by phosphorus fertilization. The study was carried out in a plastic greenhouse in a completely randomized block experimental design with […]

Crop sequences in no-tillage system: I – Dry matter production and nutrient accumulation

Adolfo Valente Marcelo, José Eduardo Corá, Carolina Fernandes

01/Nov/2012

In no-tillage systems, plant residues are used as soil cover to control soil erosion and promote nutrient cycling. The objective of this study was to evaluate the dry matter production and nutrient accumulation after different crop sequences in no-tillage. A field experiment was carried out on a Rhodic Eutrudox in Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil (48°18’W and 21°15’S). A randomized split-block design with three replications was used. The treatments were combinations of three summer crop sequences (soybean-corn rotation, corn monoculture and soybean […]

Crop sequences in no-tillage system. II – Dry matter decomposition and nutrient release in the second growing season

Adolfo Valente Marcelo, José Eduardo Corá, Carolina Fernandes

01/Nov/2012

Nutrients accumulated in dry crop residues and released in the decomposition process return to the soil and may become available to subsequent crops. The objective of this study was to evaluate the decomposition and nutrient release of plant residues of different no-tillage crop sequences in the second growing season. A field experiment was carried out on a Rhodic Eutrudox in Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil (48°18’W and 21°15’S), arranged in a randomized split-block design with three replications. The treatments consisted of combinations […]

Nitrogen, P and K fertilization and the development, yield and fruit quality of pineapple ‘gold’ (MD-2)

André Guarçoni M, José Aires Ventura

01/Aug/2011

The cultivar Gold (MD-2) has attracted interest in Brazil, with a view to fresh pineapple export. However, little scientific information is available on the nutritional management of this cultivar in the country. This study aimed to determine the effect of N, P and K fertilization on the nutritional status, development, yield and fruit quality of MD-2 pineapple plants. Five doses of N; P2O5 and K2O, were studied and the leaf ‘D’ development, the N, P and K levels, and fruit […]

Long-term swine manure fertilization and its effects on soil chemical properties in santa catarina, southern Brazil

Eloi Erhard Scherer, Cristiano Nunes Nesi, Zemiro Massotti

01/Aug/2010

Swine manure is a good nutrient source, but may have a negative impact on the environment when inadequately used. The aim of this work was to evaluate changes in properties of soils under no-till grain production and long-term swine manure fertilization. Soil samples from three representative soils types (Oxisol, Inceptisol and Leptosol) from Western Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil, were collected under no-tillage cultivation and surface application of swine manure for about 15 years and over 20 years. Samples from areas treated with […]

Alterations in potassium, calcium and magnesium concentrations in marandu palisadegrass fertilized with nitrogen and sulfur rates

Karina Batista, Francisco Antonio Monteiro

01/Feb/2010

Alterations in Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium Concentrations in Marandu Palisadegrass Fertilized with Nitrogen and Sulfur Rates An efficient pasture use in intensive production systems depends on the balanced mineral nutrition of the forage plant. Our objective was to evaluate changes in potassium, calcium and magnesium concentrations of Brachiaria brizantha, cv. Marandu grown on an Entisol with nitrogen and sulfur rates. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, in Piracicaba, State of São Paulo, from December 2004 to April 2005. […]

Nutritional status of sugar cane (planted cane) in 15N experiments

Carlos Eduardo Faroni, Paulo Cesar Ocheuze Trivelin, Henrique Coutinho Junqueira Franco, André Cesar Vitti, Rafael Otto, Heitor Cantarella

01/Dec/2009

Studies with stable isotopes are becoming more common due to the increased safety of operation and quality and reliability of results. However, the use of microplots is required to decrease the costs of such studies. Since microplots are small compared to regular plot areas, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether nutritional data based on microplot samples can adequately represent the whole area, in a comparison of the nutritional status of microplot sugar cane plants at their maximum […]

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